Increased blood pressure
Dilated pupils and blurred vision
Loss of appetite; malnutrition
Increased body temperature
Increased risk of exposure to HIV,
hepatitis, and other infectious diseases if
Speed, uppers, ups, hearts, black beauties,
pep pills, copilots, bumble bees, benzedrine,
Closely Related Stimulant Drugs...
Amphetamines include three closely related
synthetic drugs - amphetamine, dextroamphetamine, and
methamphetamine. In pure form, they are yellowish
crystals that are manufactured in tablet or capsule
form. Abusers may also sniff the powdered crystals or
make a solution and inject it. "Ice" is a common name
for a newer, smokable form of methamphetamine. "Ice"
resembles chunks of salt or rock candy.
Amphetamines Have Strong Physical
Effects... Amphetamines increase heart and
breathing rates and blood pressure, dilate pupils, and
decrease appetite. Users also experience a dry mouth,
sweating, headache, blurred vision, dizziness,
sleeplessness, and anxiety. Extremely high doses can
cause rapid or irregular heartbeat, tremors, loss of
coordination, and physical collapse. Sudden increases in
blood pressure can cause death from stroke, very high
fever, or heart failure.
Amphetamines Affect Mood and
Personality... Users report feeling restless,
anxious, and moody. Higher doses may make the user
excited and talkative, providing a false sense of
self-confidence and power. Large amounts of amphetamines
over a long period of time also can result in an
amphetamine psychosis: experiencing hallucinations,
having irrational thoughts or beliefs, and feeling
suspicious and paranoid. The paranoia sometimes results
in extreme mood swings and violent outbursts.
Long-term Use Leads to Health
Problems... Long-term heavy use of
amphetamines can lead to malnutrition, skin disorders,
ulcers, and various diseases that come from vitamin
deficiencies. Lack of sleep, weight loss, and depression
also result from regular use. Frequent use of large
amounts of amphetamines can produce brain damage that
results in speech and thought disturbances Use of
methamphetamines during pregnancy may result in severe
harm to the developing fetus.
Addiction to Amphetamines is
Possible... Some people report a
psychological dependence, a feeling that the drug is
essential to normal functioning. Others may be
physically dependent on the drug. They may develop a
tolerance for amphetamines, needing larger doses to get
the same initial effect. When regular users stop
abruptly, they may experience withdrawal symptoms:
depression, irritability, hunger, and fatigue. "Ice,"
the smokable form of methamphetamine, creates addiction
more quickly than the other forms of amphetamines.
"Ice" is a Smokable Form of
Methamphetamine... "Ice" is the most common
name used for the smokable form of methamphetamine.
Users are attracted to "ice," also known as "crystal
meth," because the high lasts longer than that of other
similar stimulant drugs - from 2 to 24 hours. Users feel
mentally and physically "psyched," a result of
overstimulation of the central nervous system. The body
is deprived of needed sleep, the appetite is suppressed,
and rapid weight loss is common. Users of "ice" can
become addicted very quickly, and find that the
addiction is very difficult to break.
Prevention Tips... Stay
informed about the effects and addictiveness of
amphetamines, especially the new, potent forms that may
rival crack cocaine in attractiveness to users. Share
your knowledge about amphetamines with others in the
community to alert people - particularly young people -
of its dangers. Comprehensive, community-based efforts
are the most effective ways to address amphetamine and
other drug problems.
Street Names for Drugs in the
- black beauties
- white crosses