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Narcotics Awareness...Cocaine / Crack Explained

Cocaine / Crack
Street terms for cocaine:
Blow, Nose Candy, Snowball, Tornado, Wicky StickWhat are the different forms of cocaine?

• White crystalline powder
• "Crack" or "rock" cocaine is an off-white chunky material.

How is cocaine used?
Powder cocaine is generally snorted or dissolved in water and injected. Crack cocaine is usually smoked.

Who uses cocaine?
Cocaine is the second most commonly used illicit drug in the United States.
About 10 percent of Americans over the age of 12 have tried cocaine at least once in their lifetime, about 2 percent have tried crack, and nearly one percent is currently using cocaine.

How does cocaine get to the United States?
The United States-Mexico border is the primary point of entry for cocaine shipments being smuggled into the United States.
Organized crime groups based in Colombia control the worldwide supply of cocaine.

How much does cocaine cost?
Cocaine prices depend upon the purity of the product.
In 2001, cocaine purity declined by 8 percent, from 86 percent pure in 1998 to a 78 percent pure in 2001. The decrease in purity indicates a decrease in the supply of cocaine in the United States.
Cocaine remained low and stable, which suggests a steady supply to the United States.
Nationwide, prices ranged from $12,000 to $35,000 per kilogram.

What are some consequences of cocaine use?
Cocaine is powerfully addictive.
Smoking crack can cause severe chest pains with lung trauma and bleeding.
The mixing of cocaine and alcohol create cocaethylene while increasing risk of sudden death.
Cocaine-related deaths are often a result of cardiac arrest or seizures followed by respiratory arrest.

Source: Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA)

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